Nickel and Dimed
On (Not) Getting By in America
by Barbara Ehrenreich
Reading Group Guide
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About this Guide
No matter which tax bracket
you're in, you have a stake in the issues raised by Barbara Ehrenreich. A book
that has changed assumptions about American prosperity and hardship, Nickel
and Dimed makes an especially compelling selection for reading groups. The
questions that follow are designed to enhance your personal understanding or
group discussion of this provocative, heartfelt -- and funny -- account of life
in the low-wage trenches.
About the Book
The New York Times bestseller, and
one of the most talked about books of the year, Nickel and Dimed has
already become a classic of undercover reportage.
Millions of Americans work for poverty-level wages, and one day Barbara
Ehrenreich decided to join them. She was inspired in part by the rhetoric
surrounding welfare reform, which promised that any job equals a better
life. But how can anyone survive, let alone prosper, on $6 to $7 an hour? To
find out, Ehrenreich moved from Florida to Maine to Minnesota, taking the
cheapest lodgings available and accepting work as a waitress, hotel maid,
house cleaner, nursing-home aide, and Wal-Mart salesperson. She soon
discovered that even the "lowliest" occupations require exhausting mental
and physical efforts. And one job is not enough; you need at least two if
you intend to live indoors.
Nickel and Dimed reveals low-wage America in all its tenacity,
anxiety, and surprising generosity -- a land of Big Boxes, fast food, and a
thousand desperate strategies for survival. Instantly acclaimed for its
insight, humor, and passion, this book is changing the way America perceives
its working poor.
About the Author
Barbara Ehrenreich is the author of Nickel
and Dimed, Blood Rites, The Worst Years of Our Lives (a New York Times
bestseller), Fear of Falling, which was nominated for a National Book
Critics Circle Award, and eight other books. A frequent contributor to
Time, Harper's, Esquire, The New Republic, Mirabella, The Nation, and
The New York Times Magazine, she lives near Key West, Florida.
1. In the wake of recent welfare reform measures, millions of women entering the
workforce can expect to face struggles like the ones Ehrenreich confronted in
Nickel and Dimed.
Have you ever been homeless, unemployed, without health insurance, or held down
two jobs? What is the lowest-paying job you ever held and what kind of help -- if
any -- did you need to improve your situation?
2. Were your perceptions of blue-collar Americans transformed or reinforced by
Nickel and Dimed? Have your notions of poverty and prosperity changed since
reading the book? What about your own treatment of waiters, maids, and sales-people?
3. How do booming national and international chains -- restaurants, hotels,
retail outlets, cleaning services, and elder-care facilities -- affect the treatment
and aspirations of low-wage workers? Consider how market competition and the
push for profits drive the nickel-and-diming of America's lowest-paid.
4. Housing costs pose the greatest obstacle for low-wage workers. Why does our
society seem to resist rectifying this situation? Do you believe that there
are realistic solutions to the lack of affordable housing?
5. While working for The Maids, Ehrenreich hears Ted claim that he's "not a bad
guy . . . and cares a lot about his girls." How do the assumptions of supervisors
such as Ted affect their employees? How does Ted compare to Ehrenreich's other
bosses? To yours?
6. Ehrenreich is white and middle class. She asserts that her experience would
have been radically different had she been a person of color or a single parent.
Do you think discrimination shaped Ehrenreich's story? In what ways?
7. Ehrenreich found that she could not survive on $7.00 per hour -- not if she
wanted to live indoors. Consider how her experiment would have played out in
your community: limiting yourself to $7.00 per hour earnings, create a
hypothetical monthly budget for your part of the country.
8. Ehrenreich experienced remarkable goodwill, generosity, and solidarity among
her colleagues. Does this surprise you? How do you think your own colleagues
9. Why do you think low-wage workers are reluctant to form labor organizations
as Ehrenreich discovered at Wal-Mart? How do you think employees should lobby to
improve working conditions?
10. Many campus and advocacy groups are currently involved in struggles for a
"living wage." How do you think a living wage should be calculated?
11. Were you surprised by the casual reactions of Ehrenreich's coworkers when
she revealed herself as an undercover writer? Were you surprised that she wasn't
suspected of being "different" or out-of-place despite her graduate-level
education and usually comfortable lifestyle?
12. How does managers' scrutiny -- "time theft" crackdowns and drug testing
workers' morale? How can American companies make the workplace environment safe
and efficient without treating employees like suspected criminals?
13. Ehrenreich concluded that had her working life been spent in a Wal-Mart -- like
environment, she would have emerged a
different person -- meaner, pettier, "Barb" instead of "Barbara." How would your
personality change if you were placed in working conditions very different from
the ones you are in now?
14. The workers in Nickel and Dimed receive almost no benefits -- no overtime
pay, no retirement funds, and no health insurance. Is this fair? Do you think an
increase in salary would redress the lack of benefits, or is this a completely
15. Many of Ehrenreich's colleagues relied heavily on family -- for housing and help
with child-care, by sharing appliances and dividing up the cooking, shopping, and
cleaning. Do you think Americans make excessive demands on the family unit
rather than calling for the government to help those in need?
16. Nickel and Dimed takes place in 1998-2000, a time of unprecedented
prosperity in America. Do you think Ehrenreich's experience would be different
in today's economy? How so?
17. After reading Nickel and Dimed, do you think that having a job -- any job
better than no job at all? Did this book make you feel angry? Better informed?
Relieved that someone has finally described your experience? Galvanized to do
Praise for Nickel and Dimed
"Jarring, full of riveting grit . . . This book is already
--Susannah Meadows, Newsweek
"Valuable and illuminating . . . We have
Barbara Ehrenreich to thank for bringing us the news of America's working poor
so clearly and directly, and conveying with it a deep moral outrage. . . . She
is our premier reporter of the underside of capitalism."
--Dorothy Gallagher, The New York Times Book Review
"impassioned, fascinating, profoundly
significant, and wildly entertaining . . . I kept grabbing family members and
phoning friends to read passages aloud."
--Francine Pose, O: The Oprah Magazine
". . . you will read this explosive little
book cover to cover and pass it on to all your friends and relatives."
--Diana Henriques, The New York Times [Business Section]
"Angry, amusing . . . An in-your-face expose."
--Anne Colamosca, Business Week
"With grace and wit, Ehrenreich discovers . . . the irony of being nickel
and dimed during unprecedented prosperity."
--Eileen Boris, The Boston Globe
"Ehrenreich is a superb and relaxed stylist [with] a tremendous sense of
--Stephen Metcalf, Los Angeles Times Book Review
"Reading Ehrenreich is good for the soul."
"Ehrenreich is passionate, public, hotly lucid, and politically engaged."
"Ehrenreich's scorn withers, her humor stings, and her radical light shines
on." --The Boston Globe
"Barbara Ehrenreich is smart, provocative, funny, and sane in a world that
needs more of all four." --Diane Sawyer
Nickel and Dimed
0-8050-6388-9 224 pages